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The First Job Turnover Rates and Related Factors of Newly Graduated Health Care Professionals
Yakhak Hoeji 2019;63(2):82-89
Published online April 30, 2019
© 2019 The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea.

Yeri Kim and Eun Cho#

College of pharmacy, Sookmyung Women’s University
Correspondence to: #Eun Cho, Department of pharmacy, Sookmyung Women’s University, Cheongpa-ro 47-gil 100, Yongsan-gu, Seoul 04310, Korea, Tel: +82-2-2077-7606, Fax: +82-2-710-9871, E-mail: eun-cho@sookmyung.ac.kr
Received January 3, 2019; Revised March 8, 2019; Accepted March 11, 2019.
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to understand the work difficulties of newly graduated health care providers. We investigated the first job turnover rates of new healthcare professionals according to majors and examined the predicting factors related to the employee turnover. Using Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey 2010 (2010GOMS) database, the first workplace turnover rate was analyzed. Including 215 newly graduated, we conducted a survival analysis for majoring in pharmacy, nursing, medicine, dentistry, and Korean medicine. Also, applying Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank test, investigated the entire first turnover rate and compared it among the five majors. To select the predictors influencing the job turnover, we utilized Cox proportional hazards regression. During 43 months of investigation period, 45.1% of newly graduated health care providers were in their first workplace. The proportion of working in their first workplace in first, second, and third years was 71.6, 62.3, and 51.5%, respectively. Log-Rank test results showed significant differences between each majoring graduates survival curves (p<0.001). Among the five professionals, the turnover rate of pharmacists was the highest (85.4%). Moreover, earlier than other professionals, half of the new pharmacist leaves their first workplace at 20 months. Multivariate Cox regression results demonstrated the size of the workplace (HR=2.0, p=0.003) and satisfaction with job security (HR=0.7, p<0.001) were factors affecting the turnover. (-2LL=1134.6, Δχ2=57.6, p<0.001). We suggest that long-term workforce management strategies should be implemented to minimize the personal, social and economic losses due to high turnover rates of new pharmacists.
Keywords : survival analysis, health care providers, pharmacist, turnover rate, first job turnover


August 2019, 63 (4)
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