약학회지
YAKHAK HOEJI
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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Herbal medicine affecting liver function, kidney function, GI function, cardiovascular and blood glucose10-15)

Affected part No Botanical name Efficacy Influence
Liver 1 Cornus officinalis (산수유) Corroborant Ursolic acid-choleretic activity
2 Alpinia officinarum (양강) Stomachica Possibility of hepatic toxicity
3 Morinda officinalis (파극천) Improve erectile insufficiency Reports of liver damage after taking for more than a month use
4 Pueraria lobata (갈근) Antipyretic Possibility of hepatic toxicity

Kidney 1 Hordeum vulgare (맥아) Stomachica Increase the diuretic activity
2 Morinda officinalis (파극천) Improve erectile insufficiency Can increase potassium level
3 Cocculus tribobus (방기) Antiinflammation Trilobine-renal toxicity when use overdosed
4 Alisma orientale (택사) Diuretics Renal toxicity on long-term use
5 Asiasarum sieboldii (세신) Dentalgia Renal toxicity. Patient with renal failure should be careful.

Gastro-intestinal 1 Cistanche deserticola (육종용) Corroborant Diarrhea when use overdosed
2 Panax ginseng (인삼) Possibility of diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, constipation.
3 Zingiberis officinale (건강) Stomachica Possibility of diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, constipation.
4 Cannabis (마자인) Produce fatty acid when it absorbed, promote bowel Movement by stimulating intestinal mucous membranes.
5 Zingiber officinale (생강) Gastrointestinal disorders when overdosed
6 Ephedra sinica (마황) Diaphoresis Ephedrin, Pseudoephedrin- nausea, vomiting
7 Rehmannia glutinosa (숙지황) Hematic Possibility of indigestion
8 Equus asinus (아교) Highly viscous and oily, which can cause indigestion
9 Gentiana macrophylla (진교) Antiinflammation Diarrhea
10 Rheum palmatum (대황) Laxative Anthraquinone-laxative activity
11 Mirabilite (망초) Possibility of the pylorus spasm when overdosed
12 Prunus mume (오매) Stomachache when overdosed, possibility of diarrhea, Nausea, indigestion
13 Artemisia capillaris (인진호) Choleretic Aggravate diarrhea
14 Gardenia jasminoides (치자) Decrease gastric function during long-term use
15 Clematis chinensis (위령선) Antispasmodics Nausea, vomiting
16 Chrysant hemum indicum (감국) Sedative Possibiity of diarrhea
17 Chrysant hemum morifolium (국화) Possibility of diarrhea, abdominal pain
18 Angelica gigas (당귀) Induce gastrointestinal weakness
19 Platycladus orientalis (백자인) Reduced digestive function
20 Euphoria longan (용안육) Possibility of abdominal discomfort
21 Paeonia veitchii (적작약) Possibility of diarrhea, abdominal pain
22 Pinellia ternata (반하) Antiemetic Ephedrin-nausea, vomiting
23 Platycodon grandiflorum (길경) Antitussive Expectorant Saponin-gastrointestinal disorder, α-spinasterol-vomiting, headache, abdominal pain, spasm, Chill (in case of addiction)
24 Phellodendron amurense (황백) Antibacterial Possibiity of diarrhea
25 Pueraria lobata (갈근) Antipyretic Indigestion, vomiting, anorexia (in case of the elderly)
26 Notopterygium incisum (강활) Possibility of indigestion
27 Rehmania glutinosa (건지황) Highly viscous which can cause indigestion or gastrointestinal disorder
28 Gypsum (석고) Possibility of anorexia, abdominal pain, diarrhea
29 Forsythia suspensa (연교) Ggastrointestinal disorder (in case of overdosed)
30 Gentiana scabra (용담초) Possibility of diarrhea
31 Phyllostachys nigra (죽엽) Patient who vomit or have hiarrhea should avoid taking
32 Anemarrhena asphodeloides (지모) Possibility of diarrhea
33 Rehmannia glutinosa (생지황) Blood circulation Possibility of gastrointestinal disorder
34 Artemisia argyi (애엽) Gastrointestinal disorder (in case of overdosed)
35 Nelumbo nucifera (연자육) Gastrointestinal disorder (more than 2g)

Cardio-vascular 1 Panax ginseng (인삼) Corroborant Elevation of blood pressure due to stimulate CNS
2 Astragalus membranaceus (황기) Possibility of hypotension (vasodilation)
3 Zingiber officinale (생강) Stomachica Palpitation (in case of overdosed), Aspirin-like effect(delayed blood clotting)
4 Evodia rutaecarpa (오수유) Rutaecarpine-vasodilation
5 Ephedra sinica (마황) Diaphoresis Ephedrin, Pseudoephedrin-possibility of tachycardia, Elevation of blood pressure
6 Aconitum carmichaeli (부자) Improve metabolism Aconitine-proarrhythmia (blocking sympathetic, parasympathetic nerve nodes)
7 Aconitum carmichaeli (천오두) Analgesics Aconitine-proarrhythmia (blocking sympathetic, parasympathetic nerve nodes)
8 Polygala tenuifolia (원지) Antitussive Expectorant Possibility of elevation of blood pressure
9 Coptis chinensis (황련) Antibacterial Acetylcholine-possibility of hypotension
10 Nelumbo nucifera (연자육) Blood circulation Palmitic acid-increase possibility of cardiovascular disease

Blood glucose 1 Lycium chinense (구기자) Improve liver function Decrease the blood glucose level
2 Zizyphus jujuba (대추) Diuretics Zizyphus-possibility of hypoglycemia
3 Cyperus rotundus (향부자) Blood circulation Decrease the blood glucose level (in Rat)
Yakhak Hoeji 2021;65:72-86 https://doi.org/10.17480/psk.2021.65.2.72
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